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Course Catalog

HISTORY 101-6-20 – Occupied France, 1940-1945

What does it mean to "collaborate with" or "resist" a heinous regime? How do nations choose to remember or try to forget shameful episodes of their past? These questions frame one of the most notorious episodes in modern European history, the occupation of France by Germany during World War II and the role of the collaborationist French government in sending over 70 000 Jews to their deaths in the camps. This course will explore, in a first section, the experiences and choices of French women and men under German occupation based on memoirs, documentaries, and historical accounts. In the second part we will look at how French governments and people have dealt with the memory of France's "Dark Years," including attempts to erase, commemorate, and dramatize this period through government policies, monuments, movies and hit French television series.

HISTORY 101-6-20 – Stalinism

The Seminar will grapple with the way in which Soviet citizens tried to make sense of what went on around them during the 1930s, a decade in which several million peasants died after their farms were collectivized, millions of innocent people wre sent to forced labor in the Gulag prison camps, and another million or so were executed for political crimes they did not actually commit. We will read documents, diaries, memoirs, and fiction written during the 1930s but not published until much later.

history-101-6-20-Image of Jew – First-Year Seminar: The Image of the Jew in Western Modernism

Modernity has radically changed the way the Jew and Jewish Civilization are portrayed in western literature. A marginal satirical image representing a despised and alienated minority, the Jew has become a quintessential human being in modern literature across languages and cultures. Images and metaphors stemming from Judaic liturgy, philosophy, and religion became indispensable in the discussion of the Irish independence, the Russian revolution, the French resistance movement, and the American experience. This course will explore how Christian and Jewish writers contributed to the reevaluation of the role of a Jew and Jewish civilization in modern society incorporating them into the Western literary canon. The students will discuss chapters from the novels and short stories that will open up issues related to the history of Jewish people and religion, Judeo-Christian dialog, and tradition vis-à-vis modernity. The course will considerably enhance students’ understanding of modern literary response to the 20th century historical upheavals, cultural revolutions, and mentality changes.

HISTORY 101-6-21 – Medieval Women

What did medieval women think about? What were their hopes and dreams? How close did they come to realizing their dreams and what forces stood in their way? This course will attempt to answer these questions by examining the work of female authors hailing from different classes, in different centuries writing in different genres, and placing each in her historical context. Learn how the martyr Perpetua defied family and society to embrace Christianity; how the nun-playwright, Hrosvith, bent the Roman classics to make virgins into heroes; how the writer Marie de France created the forbear of Harlequin romance; how the aristocratic Christine de Pizan defended women from male slander; and how Margery Kempe, a mystic wanna-be, found God and eluded her husband!

HISTORY 101-6-21 – The Crusades

Beginning in the late eleventh century, European Christians launched numerous Crusades (religiously sanctioned military expeditions) against Muslims, Jews, Christian heretics, and others. In this course, we will trace the complex history of the Crusades, and explore the ways in which historians have grappled with a number of interrelated questions: Why did Crusading achieve such prominence precisely when and where it did? What were the intellectual and religious underpinnings of this newfound linkage between religious fervor and violent military conquest? What impact did Crusading have on the cultural, economic, and political development of Europe? In addition, we will examine the diverse ways in which the Crusades - and, by extension, the Middle Ages more broadly - have been appropriated by subsequent generations, from the 19th century Romantics, to 20th century political scientists, to 21st century filmmakers.

history-101-6-22-Autobiography – First-Year Seminar: Autobiography and the Self in European History

How have people tried to explain what their lives mean? How have historical actors come to understand more abstract features of their society – such as religion, nationalism, race, gender, and sexuality – in relation to themselves? How do new historical contexts create new understanding of the self? To address these questions, we will consider autobiographical primary sources ranging from medieval love letters to memoirs of the Holocaust; experiences of trench warfare, artistic creation, and spiritual awakening; lives changed by scientific discovery, fighting duels, and running away from home.

HISTORY 102-0-21 – Race and the American Presidency

How did Lyndon B. Johnson, a son of the Texas Hill Country and a product of the Jim Crow South, become the standard bearer of presidential liberalism? Faced with an intransigent Congress, how did he win groundbreaking civil rights legislation and a great expansion of the American welfare state? This course is designed to answer these questions and explore what lessons can we apply from Johnson's political career to the current political climate?

This course will pay particular attention to the evolving relationship between Johnson and the rising tide of black freedom struggles in the post-World War II. It will focus particular attention to the ways in which grassroots demands for political and economic rights were translated into public policy against the backdrop of a political structure marked up separation of powers, federalism, and entrenched white supremacy. In the final weeks of the semester, students will consider Johnson's political legacy in subsequent presidential administrations and the contested memories surrounding his presidency.

HISTORY 102-6-20 – Anti-Poverty Crusades

This course is in part about poverty, but it is even more about the ways Americans have thought about poverty and tried to combat it. We will explore two periods of U.S. history: 1890-1910 and 1960-1990. In each period we will examine the forces that impoverished individuals and families, the issues raised in explanations of poverty, the range of remedies proposed, and the ways they were justified. In both periods we will try to determine how Americans answered some lasting questions: How is poverty defined? Who among the poor deserves what kind of help? Does helping the poor promote dependence? What are the implications of poverty for the health of the nation as a whole?

The primary purpose of the course is to give students experience in some of the techniques employed by historians: close and critical reading of documents; reconstruction of the thinking of past actors and evaluation of their assumptions, motives, and options; and the production of clear, fair, and inclusive analyses of what happened. While the subject matter of the course has obvious relevance to present-day concerns, our primary goal is to think (and write) about the past.

HISTORY 102-6-20 – Extreme Makeover: The End of Consensus and the Rise of Polarized Politics

In the 1950s and '60s most informed observers agreed that the nation's two major political parties were too similar and agreed on too much. Today the complaint is precisely the opposite--there is too much partisan polarization. This class will examine the causes and consequences of that shift by looking closely at the "extreme makeover" experienced by both leading parties in the long 1970s, a period that began in the mid-1960s and lasted into the early 1980s. In this era the rules and rituals of US politics underwent sweeping changes, as did political coalitions that had remained stable since the 1930s, as growing numbers of Americans pursued goals that seemed impossible to achieve through consensus. This course will examine the most important of those changes and the actors, ideas, and events that propelled them in order to explain how and why consensus gave way to polarity, making extensive use of leading political analysis from the period supplemented by historical interpretations. It will do so against the backdrop of the current moment, and will invite students to consider how past fights inform the debates of today.

HISTORY 103-6-20 – Arabian Nights

The Arabian Nights are the most popular example of Arabic literature in the western world. They inspired playwrights during the heyday of print culture, and filmmakers as recently as Walt Disney's Aladdin. From the historian's perspective, they are a collection of stories compiled during the Middle Ages in such cities as Baghdad, Cairo and Damascus. They reflect traditions that are much older, and draw upon legends widely repeated in such diverse regions as China, India, Iran and Turkey. Analysts of pre-modern societies in the Islamic world now recognize The Arabian Nights as a major literary source that sheds light on many types of colorful people whose antics enlivened the scene in great Islamic cities of pre-modern times, but who remain largely invisible in more formal sources. The Nights also raise issues of cultural practice that contrast with formal strictures imposed by such sacred texts as the Koran itself. The fact that the stories were allegedly told by a woman conniving to stave off vengeance killings by a ruler raises intriguing questions about male-female relations. We will consider these issues in the context of various translations that themselves reveal biases of modern-day writers, who may have reveled in the worlds of counter-culture or pornography.

HISTORY 103-6-20 – Conquest Cultures

No description available.

HISTORY 103-6-20 – Global League History and Empires

To what extent have international legal regimes arisen out of empires? And how does our understanding of empires and global history change when we foreground legal dynamics? This course considers both these questions by exploring the interplay between law and empire around the world over the last three centuries. We will consider how scholars have made sense of legal pluralism and explore its effects on key concepts such as sovereignty, territoriality, and citizenship. We will also examine the ways imperial cultures, and attendant changes in science and technology, have shaped legal definitions of race, indigeneity, witchcraft, and cultural property. Finally, we'll explore the legal residue of imperial processes, from the codification of "customary law" to invocations of "states of emergency." Students should be ready to learn about developments in Asia, the Americas, Africa, Europe, and Pacific Island

HISTORY 103-6-22 – African History: Myths, Lies, Stereotypes

No description available.

HISTORY 103-6-22 – History and Politics of Armenian Genocide

During WWI the Ottoman government was under the control of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). The leadership cadre of CUP enacted a number of measures ostensibly in order to prevent the empire's Armenian population from collaborating with Russians in the eastern front. Most significant among these measures was the decision to deport the Armenian population of the "critical zones" to a location where they could not act against the Ottoman military. The result was the nearly complete annihilation of the empire's Armenian population. The commonly accepted term used to describe this tragic event is "genocide." Yet, this term has been, and continues to be, the source of a great controversy that has occupied Turkish diplomats and Armenian diaspora organizations as well as historians. This course will explore the roots of this controversy. We will read about, and discuss the developments leading up to the events of 1915, and question the role they play in different national narratives of Turks and Armenians.

HISTORY 200-0-20 – Debating the Age of Reason

No description available.

HISTORY 200-0-20 (LATINO 391-0-60) – Hamilton's America

In this course we will explore the life and times of Alexander Hamilton - both the man and the musical. Easily among the most polarizing figures of a famously polarized generation, Hamilton was a Caribbean-born immigrant who became an American revolutionary, a "bastard brat" who became Treasury Secretary, a man who helped to lead thirteen of Britain's American colonies in a violent independence war only to advocate a financial plan and a foreign policy that presented Britain as a role model. If Hamilton helped to revolutionize his country, meanwhile, Lin Manuel Miranda's musical has revolutionized the genre of the Broadway musical and become a national sensation. Why has it captured so many people's imaginations? Where does the show diverge from the history, and what does that say about our memory and use of the past? What might it teach us about early America and about ourselves?

HISTORY 200-0-20 (combined with SLAVIC 255 and HUM 260) – Slavic Civilizations

2017 is the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution. To make sense of the significance of this anniversary, this unique course provides an introduction to modern Russia's rich cultural history, from the revolutionary fervor of the 1920s to Stalinist repression, from the vitality of official and unofficial art during the post-Stalin "thaw" to the new artistic revolutions that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union. We will grapple with fundamental questions such as how historical and political contexts shape the arts, how the arts have been and can be used to imagine new worlds, how foreign ideologies interact with national cultures, and how scholars' distinct disciplinary tools and frameworks shape their approaches to the study of Russia's history, politics, and artistic culture.

HISTORY 200-0-22 (LATINO 265-0-20) – American Religious History from World War II to the Present

This course examines major developments, movements, controversies and figures in American religious history from the 1920s, the era of excess and disillusionment, to the 1980s, which saw the revival of conservative Christianity in a nation becoming increasingly religiously diverse. Topics include the liberalism/fundamentalism controversy of the 1920s; the rise of Christian realism in the wake of the carnage of World War I; the making of the "tri-faith nation" (Protestant/Catholic/Jew); the supernatural Cold War; the Civil Rights Movement; the revolution in American Catholicism following the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) and the rise of Catholic political radicalism in the 1960s; religion and the post-1965 immigration act; the religious politics of abortion; and the realignment of American religion and politics in the 1970s and 1980s.

HISTORY 200-0-22 (combined with REL_ST 264) – American Religious History from 1865 to the Great Depression

This course examines major developments, movements, controversies, and figures in American religious history from the end of the Civil War, as the nation struggled to make sense of the carnage of war and to apportion responsibility, to the 1930s, when economic crisis strained social bonds and intimate relations and challenged Americans to rethink the nature of public responsibility. Topics include urban religion; religion and changing technologies; African American religion; religion and politics; and the religious practices of immigrants and migrants.

HISTORY 201-1 – European Civilization

Culture and structure of preindustrial society, high medieval through mid-18th century.

HISTORY 201-2 – European Civilization

Impact of industrial and political change and development of modern society to the present.

HISTORY 203-1 – Jewish History

750-1492: Political, economic, cultural, and intellectual life of Jewish communities under medieval Islam and Christianity. Judeo-Arabic culture and its critics; Jewish-Christian relations; the place of violence; rise and influence of Jewish law and mysticism.

HISTORY 203-2 – Jewish History II: 1789-1948

In 1492, the Spanish Catholic Kings issued a decree that banished Jews from the Iberian Peninsula allowing to stay those who convert. In 1789-1791, the French Revolutionary Parliament accepted Jews as legal citizens ushering in the era of Jewish emancipation. This course explores three centuries of radical changes that triggered the rise of more tolerant political and religious treatment of and attitude toward Jews.

HISTORY 203-3 – Jewish History

1789-1948: Plurality of models of integration, acculturation, and assimilation; multiple identities; split of traditional community; sociocultural behavior; political movements.

HISTORY 210-1 – History of the United States

Interpretative survey from the 17th century to the present, Precolonial to the Civil War.

HISTORY 210-2 – History of the United States

Interpretative survey from the 17th century to the present, Reconstruction to the present. Lectures, discussion sections.

HISTORY 212-1 – Introduction to African American History

African origins, the slave trade, origins of slavery and racism in the United States, life under slavery in the North and the South.

HISTORY 212-2 – Introduction to African American History

Emancipation to the civil rights era. Reconstruction, rise of legal segregation, strategies of resistance, migration, and urbanization. Taught with AF AM ST 212-1,2; may not receive credit for both courses.

HISTORY 214-0 – Asian American History

Introduction to the history of Asians in the United States, with a focus on their impact on American society as well as their experiences within the United States. Taught with ASIAN AM 214; may not receive credit for both courses.

HISTORY 216-0 – Global Asians

Survey of Asian diasporas in the United States and elsewhere in the 19th and 20th centuries, emphasizing causes of migration, process of settlement, relations with other ethnic groups, and construction of diasporic identities. Taught with ASIAN AM 216; may not receive credit for both courses.

HISTORY 218-0 – Latina and Latino History

History of Latina/os in the United States and in the context of US-Latin American relations from the 18th century to the present. Taught with LATINO 218; may not receive credit for both courses.

HISTORY 250-1 – Global History

The early-modern to modern transition.

HISTORY 250-2 – Global History II

This course examines the major transformations that have shaped the world and the planet - since 1750. It asks why the last two and a half centuries brought unprecedented economic development while also widening inequality, inciting armed conflict, and pushing humans to the brink of environmental catastrophe. That wide frame will help us explain largescale phenomena such as empire, migration, capitalism, communism, war, and globalization. To make sense of them, we will read widely from contemporary scholarship and historical sources, weighing competing interpretations of the modern world - its pasts, presents, and possible futures.

HISTORY 251-0 – Politics of Disaster

Key natural disasters from the 18th century to the present. Political and humanmade dimensions of these supposedly natural events.

HISTORY 255-1 – African Civilization to 1650

From around 5,000 years ago to the 17th century societies on the African continent displayed an eclectically innovative spirit of creativity. Africans built impressive states, created unprecedented forms of the city, traded across the Sahara, the Indian and Atlantic oceans, and mastered the complex ecologies of the Inner Congo Basin to build a flexible political culture based on the twin values of individual initiative and social conscience. This creative spirit will emerge from our considering African Geographies, Systems of Food Production; Plastic and Verbal Arts; Monarchies; Religions; Economic values; African Diasporas.

HISTORY 255-2 – Background to African Civilization and Culture 16th through 19th centuries

Historical approach to society, economy, polity, and culture in Africa.

HISTORY 255-3 – Background to African Civilization and Culture 1875 to 1994

Historical approach to society, economy, polity, and culture in Africa.

HISTORY 260-1 – History of Latin America

A survey of Latin America through images and primary texts, from the era of Spanish exploration and conquest through Independence (roughly 1492 to 1830), that stresses the experiences and sociocultural contributions of Americans, Europeans, and Africans to the region's history. Participants will examine textual sources in translation, as well as music, film, and especially images - maps, artwork, architecture - with the following topics for consideration: Aztec, Maya, Inca, and Iberian civilizations; models of governance in comparative perspective (Spanish, Portuguese, and Amerindian); religion, the Catholic Church, and the Inquisition; the development of industries such as mining and sugar; urban and rural life; and the significance of race, caste, class, gender, and honor. Brazil provides a continuous counterpoint to Mexico and the Andes, while "fringe" areas of empire, such as Cuba, Argentina, and northern Mexico, become central in the final weeks.

HISTORY 260-2 – History of Latin America

Aspects of the development of Latin America's socioeconomic, political, cultural, and religious institutions and practices. After independence and through the modern period, c. 1821 to the present.

HISTORY 270-0 – Middle Eastern/Islamic Civilization

Influence of Islam on the components of Middle Eastern societies (nomads, agrarian and urban populations) from the inception of the faith (7th century BCE) to the modern period.

HISTORY 275-1 – History of Western Science and Medicine

Origins of science and medicine in early modern Europe: science, religion, and cosmology; anatomy and sexual difference; the Enlightenment and social science.

HISTORY 275-2 – History of Western Science and Medicine

Modern science and medicine in Europe and America: quantum physics and the A-bomb; Darwinism, genetics, and eugenics; DNA typing and "racial science."

HISTORY 281-0 – Chinese Civilization

Chinese history to the 16th century, emphasizing cultural and intellectual history.

HISTORY 284-1 – Japanese History

Ancient and medieval Japan (200-1600), from the first evidence of civilization on the archipelago through the Warring States Period.

HISTORY 284-2 – Japanese History

Social, cultural, and political developments in the Tokugawa Period (1600-1868).

HISTORY 286-0 – World War II in Asia

Analysis of the vast intended and unintended effects of World War II on Asia. Nationalism, global history, decolonization, fascism, Communism, democracy, and the experiences of ordinary people.

HISTORY 300-0-20 – Evolution of Chicago

This course will employ a chronological and topical approach to survey major developments in the history of Chicago, with an emphasis on the city as a built environment. It will examine Chicago from the 1830s to the turn of the twenty-first century in terms of a series of major human-made structures and institutions that both reflected the larger events and ideas that created them and left a lasting mark on the cityscape. Among subjects to be considered are the creation of the canal and the railroads in the middle decades of the nineteenth century; the construction of the Union Stock Yard and the model town of Pullman in the period following the Civil War; response to perceived urban problems in such forms as settlement houses, suburbs, and city planning; the formation of hypersegregated areas such as the "Black Belt," and massive recent public projects, from universities (e.g., UIC) to parks (e.g., Millennium Park) under the mayoralties of Richard J. and Richard M. Daley. In addition to lectures and sections, there will be two field trips on selected Saturdays during the term.

HISTORY 300-0-20 – U.S. and Japan in WWII

The Second World War remade the world and the lives of everyone in it. It was especially transformative in Asia and the Pacific where the regions two rising empires--the United States and Japan--vied for supremacy with cataclysmic results. In seeking dominance, the two powers sacrificed tens of millions of lives; sparked revolutionary movements that spelled the end of European colonialism and the coming of the Korean and Vietnam Wars; and irreversibly altered their own internal social and political structures. This course presents the US and Japan at war in comparative perspective. Taught by historians of Japan and the United States, it explores what the two nations shared in common even as they waged war. It presents the war as a function of empire and outgrowth of modernity more than people or personalities, thus helping to explain why the two enemies quickly reconciled after the war and how they remained Asia's dominant powers despite the war's destruction. By treating the US and Japan together, it casts the national history of each in a fresh and more critical light, and draws connections between the local, the national, and the global during a conflict that changed the lives of individuals and groups, altered the course of nations and empires, and reshaped the modern world.

HISTORY 300-0-22 – Music and Nation in Latin America

This course takes students along a sonorous trip through Latin America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean. We will travel from country to country studying son in Cuba, samba in Brazil, tango in Argentina, corrido in Mexico, and vallenato in Colombia, among others, in order to comprehend how certain sounds became emblems of modern nations. We will also navigate the circuits in which certain sounds, such as cumbia, salsa, and rock crossed geographic boundaries and evolved into transnational genres that express the collective experience of exile and migration of large populations. We address these histories in an interdisciplinary manner, reading history, anthropology, sociology, and ethnomusicology, and analyzing critically song lyrics, music videos, feature films, and documentaries.

HISTORY 300-0-22 – U.S. Popular Music History

This course examines the historical significance of popular music in the United States from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. No musical training is necessary to enroll in the course, however we will think about how to analyze musical sound as historical "text." We will also focus on the cultural, social, political, and economic dimensions (the "context") of genres ranging from Tin Pan Alley to blues, jazz, rhythm and blues, country, folk, soul, rock, disco, hip-hop, and classical. We will explore popular music as an art form, a business, an activity of identity-making, a phenomenon encompassing both conflict and consensus, and a key area in the life of Americans. Students are expected to attend lectures and discussion sections, as well as complete all reading, listening, and viewing assignments. Writing effectively about popular music history is a key aspect of the class: there will be three essays that ask students to analyze how popular music has shaped the broader cultural history of the US.

HISTORY 300-0-24 – Film, Literature and Revolution in Mexico

No description available.

HISTORY 300-0-26 – Making Drugs in the Americas

To understand how and why the drug trade became one of the most profitable and violent industries in the hemisphere, this course examines the history of production, commercialization, consumption, and criminalization of mind-altering drugs in the Americas. We consider the late colonial history of the export of tropical commodities as stimulants; the repression of domestic consumption and its connection to the formation of national identities; the correlation between liberal reforms and the emergence of transnational illegal networks; the construction of the "drug problem" during the period after World War II; the rise of the cartels along circuits of immigration; the implementation of the "war on drugs" as an essential component of Cold War in Latin America; the role of violence and masculinity in the drug trade; and the most recent debates on decriminalization and legalization in North and South America. We address these topics in an interdisciplinary manner, reading history, anthropology, sociology, political science, and journalism; and watching and analyzing critically featured films and documentaries.

HISTORY 300-0-26 – Sickness and Health in Latin America

No description available.

HISTORY 300-0-28 – Global History of Refugees

With 65.6 million people displaced from their homes in 2017, the 21st century is well on its way to eclipsing the 20th as the "century of the refugee." But how did refugees come to be understood as "problems" that require "solutions"? In this course, students will learn about the kinds of events that have produced mass displacement in the 20th century and the way that "the refugee" has consequently been defined in international law. We will also examine how humanitarian efforts have been organized around refugees and how refugees have generated their own politics.

HISTORY 300-0-28 – Europe in the Age of Total War

The outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 created modern politics and, in so doing, brought forth a new form of war - a total social mobilization on a previously unimaginable scale fought by mass armies of ordinary citizens in the name of the nation, its glory and its survival. This course will trace the social, political and cultural implications of total war through the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, World War I and World War II, comparing these to the colonial wars of imperial conquest pursued by European states in the same period as extensions of the political claims of the nation on a global scale - wars whose practices in turn changed and intensified the conduct, scale and purposes of war in Europe itself.

HISTORY 300-0-28 (combined with GSS 321-0-21) – Mapping Sexuality, 19th c. Paris

No description available.

HISTORY 300-0-30 (combined with GSS 321-0-20) – Race, Sexuality, and the Politics of Protest, 1968-Present

No description available.

HISTORY 300-0-30 – Comparative History of Empires in the 20th Century

This course offers a comparative history of empires in the 20th century. It will provide students with an overview of the new forms of world-spanning imperial rule that emerged in the past 100 years, and the extraordinary story of their rise and fall. We will study the collapse of the old empires at the end of the 19th century, and the rise of new 20th-century colonial regimes centered on England, France and Japan. We will consider the First World War as a war between empires, the emergence of new imperial structures in the middle of the 20th century, including those in the US, the USSR, and the Third Reich, Finally we will turn to the decolonization processes in the 1950s and 1960s, and the post-imperial world with its conflicting memories of empires. Attention will be paid throughout to developments in civil societies, local elites, and various forms of resistances within and between empires, as well as their cultural expression in the colonies and the metropoles. Powerpoint presentations will feature movie clips, songs, and documentary photographs, as well as in-class student engagement.

HISTORY 300-0-30 – Monsters and the Occult

In twenty-first century culture, monsters, magic, and the occult tend to be confined to movie theaters, video games, and children's books. But esoteric knowledge and otherworldly creatures have a rich and complex history, one which intersected with and shaped some of the key developments and turning points in European culture. In this course, we will use the unusual vantage point of monstrosity, the occult, and other apparently "superstitious" phenomena as a means of highlighting some oft-overlooked, or even suppressed, dimensions of European history. Specific topics include: classical and medieval discussions of the "monstrous races"; the interplay between magic and science in early modern culture; the so-called "disenchantment of the world" in modernity; and the ways in which thinkers in various historical contexts have differentiated humans from non-humans, and nature from the supernatural. While the geographic focus of the course will be Europe, we will remain attentive to the ways in which intercultural and interreligious dynamics shaped the meanings and uses of the the esoteric and otherworldly.

HISTORY 300-0-32 – The Civil Rights Movement

No description available.

HISTORY 300-0-32 – Go Directly to Jail: The Punitive Turn in American Life

It's no secret that the United States has one of the highest incarceration rates in the world, one that bears down especially hard on minorities. This course explores why that is so. It examines how scholars, journalists, film-makers, and others (our course is inter-disciplinary) have explained the rise of mass incarceration and other punitive trends--"zero tolerance" in schools, for example--in the past half-century. Students will learn how to understand, assess, and compare their explanations and how to speak and write effectively about them. This course makes serious demands on students during the week, and few over weekends.

HISTORY 300-0-34 – U.S. Digital Culture Since WWII

What is the history of the digital? From the invention of the modern computer during World War II to the emergence of the Internet to Google and contemporary social media, the history of what French theorist Jean-Francois Lyotard called "the computerized society" is only beginning to emerge. It turns out to be about far more than just machines: technological developments in the modern United States are inextricably linked to other factors. This course allows you to make those connections by approaching the history of the digital from multiple angles: political, cultural, legal, and in terms of questions of gender, race, ethnicity, class, region, ideology, and other themes. Students will attend lectures, read, view, and learn broadly and deeply, participate in biweekly discussion sections, and write four analytic essays that begin with creative prompts. Qualifies for Historical Studies Area Distro.

HISTORY 300-0-36 – Race and American Political Development

In 2014, Emory University Professor Carol Anderson published an op-ed in the Washington Post in which she asked her readers to reconsider the protests and looting that followed the death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri. "[I]t will be easy," Anderson wrote, "to think of [Ferguson] as yet one more episode of black rage ignited by yet another police killing of an unarmed African American male." She argued instead that the police killing of Brown needed to be understood against the historic backdrop of a more important phenomenon she characterized as "white rage." Anderson saw this rage as central to a longer history of systemic racism embedded in housing, education, voting, employment, and policing policies. In fact, Anderson contended, the historical trigger for white rage is black achievement. When African Americans proved ambitious and purposeful and when blacks demanded the recognition of their full and equal citizenship, their white contemporaries set out to punish them for their resilience and resolve.

HISTORY 300-0-38 – Science and Religion

Few ways of thinking about the modern world are as firmly entrenched as the notion of a conflict between science and religion. According to a 2015 survey by the Pew Research Center, 59% of Americans believe that science and religion are "often in conflict." As many as 30% of Americans believe that science often contradicts their own religious beliefs. And how people think about the relationship between science and religion correlates strongly with their positions on a range of policy issues, from the teaching of evolution in public school to the ethics of genetic modification. As timeless as it may seem, however, the notion of a science-religion conflict is relatively young. This course will explore its origins, evolution, and ramifications over the last century and a half, devoting special attention to global contexts from which the "conflict thesis" emerged in the late nineteenth century, including debates over Darwinism, historical criticism of the Bible, colonialism, Christian missionizing, and a boom in popular science writing.

HISTORY 300-0-40 – China in Reform: A History of the Present Moment

Since the advent of the Four Modernizations under the aegis of Deng Xiaoping in late 1978, Chinese society, culture, economy--indeed, almost every aspect of life--has been transformed. At the same time, however, the country's Maoist and more distant Republican and Imperial pasts have continued to inform and shape reform. This course examines the complexities of China's reformist period from the late 1970s until the early 21st century. We will highlight key currents, such as the transformation of rural-urban relations, domestic arguments about the unevenness and morality of socio-economic change, the 1989 Spring Democracy Movement, China's "Peaceful Rise," and its growing participation in global affairs, with an eye to understanding new social formations and highlighting the resonance of the past.

HISTORY 300-0-42 – Technology and Society

How do new technologies emerge? Does society create technology, or does technology create a new society? What can history of technology tell us about some of the more important issues of our time? This course will trace the history of technology through some of the key social issues around innovation and the emergence of new technological forms. In exploring this this dynamic, we will investigate a wide array of questions on the interaction between technology, society, politics, and economics, emphasizing the themes of innovation and maturation, systems and regulation, risk and failure, and ethics and expertise. Among the specific topics to be explored are computers and digital technologies, energy infrastructure and politics, bioengineering, medical mistakes, toxic waste, global distribution of risk, gender and advocacy, and other pressing issues at the nexus of social and technological.

HISTORY 300-0-44 (LEGAL_ST 376-0-21) – Constitutional Revolution: The Fourteenth Amendment, Past and Present

Passed by Congress in 1866 and ratified in 1868, the 14th Amendment revolutionized citizenship and equal rights in the United States. The amendment continues to shape how Americans understand hot-button issues like affirmative action, birthright citizenship, and same-sex marriage. This class explores the history and impact of the amendment - from its origins in the abolitionist movement and the Civil War and Reconstruction to major Supreme Court cases of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries. The quarter concludes with an exploration of the possibilities but also the limitations of rights claims in the present.

HISTORY 300-0-46 – Women and Gender in African History

Two decades ago, feminist sociologist Oyeronke Oyewumi declared gender in Yoruba society an 'invention' of European colonialism. Categories of man and woman, she argued, did not exist in the distant African past. If true, is the study of gender possible or worthwhile in African history? Gender is one of the most basic ways in which humans relate, and a sense of sex-based difference is always present. The ways in which it manifests, however, are as highly contextual as any other aspect of human history. How might we reconceptualize the broad category of gender in ways better suited to the study of history in Africa? Using comparative histories from West, East, and southern Africa, this course examines ways in which African communities related through gender. We will explore how mothers and female spirit mediums resisted and helped construct patriarchal power in kingdoms of East Africa; how herding cattle and smelting iron contributed to ideas about masculinity in West and southern Africa; the role of the Atlantic Slave Trade and other forms of systemic violence in shaping gendered notions of power and insecurity; and how European colonialism, capitalism and Christianity helped 'invent' new kinds of femininity and masculinity.

HISTORY 300-0-48 (GNDR_ST 321-0-22) – Race, Sexuality, and the Politics of Protest, 1968-Present

Since the 2016 presidential election, many have described our current moment in terms of uncertainty and upheaval. The U.S. has entered a political climate regarded as producing especially heightened vulnerability for many marginalized communities. And the politics of race, class, gender, sexuality, immigration, and religion have been integral to recent national debates. In this course, we turn to histories of radical organizing since the Civil Rights movement--especially queer, feminist, and antiracist movements--to consider what these traditions of resistance might have to offer our current conjuncture. Questions in this class will include: what, exactly, should we understand as new or exceptional about a post-Trump America, and what issues have longer, more systemic contexts? How should we approach social justice work when the state has become more boldly hostile towards marginalized groups? And how should we locate "identity politics" (like race, sexuality, gender, religion, etc) in relation to each other, and in relation to the politics of capitalism--especially in recent decades? Topics include: progressive critiques of rights-based and other reform frameworks; theories of violence and safety; policing and the prison industrial complex; nonprofits and other forms of institutionalization; and the cultural politics of neoliberalism.

HISTORY 301-SA-1 – New Lectures in History

Topics in the history of the eastern Mediterranean world.

HISTORY 301-SA-2 – New Lectures in History

Topics in the history of the Czech Republic. Restricted to students in Northwestern's study abroad programs.

HISTORY 303-1 – American Women's History

Women and gender in American life, with attention to differences among women based on class, race, and ethnicity. To 1865.

HISTORY 303-2 – American Women's History

Women and gender in American life, with attention to differences among women based on class, race, and ethnicity. Since 1865.

HISTORY 304-0 (ASIAN_AM 304-0-1; GNDR_ST 321-0-20) – Asian American Women

This course explores the intersections of gender, race, and ethnicity in the historical experiences of Asian American women. We will consider a variety of themes significant to those experiences, including immigration and citizenshiP, exclusion and discrimination, family and community structures, paid and unpaid labor, women's organizations and leisure, and resistance and activism. We will discuss how these historical experiences shaped the development of Asian American female subjectivities and feminisms.

HISTORY 305-0-20 (LEGAL_ST 305-0-20) – American Immigration

This course introduces students to the social, political, legal, and cultural history of immigration in the United States. In addition to exploring the history of southern and eastern European immigrants, it uses a comparative framework to integrate Latin American and Asian migrants into our understanding of immigration since the late nineteenth century. The course is an exploration of major themes in immigration history rather than a comprehensive examination. Issues students will consider include immigration law, acculturation, community, racial formation, victimization vs. agency, the transnational and international context of immigration, and competing notions of citizenship, among others.

HISTORY 308-0 – The American West

Examination of the history of the American West as both frontier and region, real and imagined, from the first contacts between natives and colonizers in the 15th century to the multicultural encounters of the 21st century.

HISTORY 309-0 (ENVR_POL 309-0-1) – American Environmental History

This course will survey American history from the Colonial Era to the present with two premises in mind: that the natural world is not simply a passive background to human history but rather an active participant in historical change, and that human attitudes toward nature are both shaped by and in turn shape social, political, and economic behavior. The course will cover formal schools of thought about the natural world--from Transcendentalism to the conservation and environmental movements--but also discuss the many informal intersections of human activity and natural systems, from European colonialism to property regimes, migration and transportation, industry, consumer practices, war, technological innovation, political ideology, and food production.

HISTORY 310-1 – Early American History

Conquest and colonization.

HISTORY 310-2 – Early American History

The age of the American Revolution.

HISTORY 311-0 – New Nation: The United States, 1787-1848

The early years of the new republic from the Constitution to the war with Mexico. Political theory, slavery, social reform, religious revivalism, westward expansion, political parties, the growth of capitalism.

HISTORY 314-0 – Civil War and Reconstruction

"Middle period" of American history, emphasizing origins of the Civil War, its revolutionary nature, and its immediate and long-term consequences for the South and the nation.

HISTORY 315-1 – The United States Since 1900

America's domestic history and role in world affairs since 1900. Early 20th century.

HISTORY 315-2 – The United States Since 1900

America's domestic history and role in world affairs since 1900. Mid-20th century.

HISTORY 315-3 – The United States Since 1900

America's domestic history and role in world affairs since 1900. Late 20th century to the present.

HISTORY 316-0 – The Sixties

Examination of one of the most tumultuous eras in US history, its roots in the reshaping of American society after World War II, and its legacies for the present. Emphasis on social movements of the period, particularly the civil rights movement, and political and cultural change.

HISTORY 317-1 – U.S. Cultural History

This course examines major themes and shifts in American culture over the period 1820-1890. The course will consider: popular theatre, including blackface minstrelsy; urban entertainments and cultural authority; backwoods brawling; sentimental fiction and antebellum women's culture; the emergence of cultural categories for "high" and "low" art; and the emergence of mass culture in the industrial age. Students will be introduced not only to "more" history, but also to different methods of "doing" history.

HISTORY 317-2 – American Cultural History

Changing values of the American people, how they have been transmitted, and how they have shaped American society, politics, and the economy. 20th century to the present.

HISTORY 318-1 – Legal and Constitutional History of the United States

Colonial period-1850. Development of legal institutions, constitutionalism, law and social change, law and economic development.

HISTORY 318-2 – Legal and Constitutional History of the United States

1850-present. Law in industrial society: administration, race relations, corporations, environmental protection, civil liberties. Taught with LEGAL ST 318-1,2; may not receive credit for both 318-1 courses or for both 318-2 courses.

HISTORY 319-0 – History of US Foreign Relations

Survey of US relations with the rest of the world from the 18th century to the present, with particular attention to the 20th century.

HISTORY 321-0 – The Vietnam Wars

Analysis of Vietnam's wars for national independence, with emphasis on US involvement. Topics include international context, political rationales, military engagements, popular attitudes, cultural exchange, and lasting legacies.

HISTORY 322-1 – Development of the Modern American City

Characteristics of urban society in America from the period of settlement to the present. To 1870.

HISTORY 322-2 – Development of the Modern American City since 1879

This is the second half of a two-quarter course dealing with urbanization and urban communities in America from the period of first European settlement to the present. The second quarter deals with the period from 1870 onward. Topics include the role of cities in the formation of an industrial society, the influence of immigration and rural-urban migration, political machines, professional planning, the automobile, electronic media, and the expansion of the federal role in city government. History 322-1 is NOT a prerequisite for 322-2.

HISTORY 323-0 – Culture Wars

History of late-20th-century United States through political debates, economic shifts, and social conflicts.

HISTORY 324-0 – US Gay and Lesbian History

Gender, sexuality, and the rise of modern lesbian and gay identities. Lecture and discussion. Taught with GNDR ST 324; may not receive credit for both courses.

HISTORY 325-0 – History of American Technology

American history through its material culture; industrialization and its discontents; consumer culture and household technology; mass communication and democracy; technological utopia and the computer revolution.

HISTORY 326-0 – US Intellectual History

Central questions in America's intellectual past from the 19th century forward.

HISTORY 330-0-1 (GNDR_ST 331-0-21) – Medieval Sexuality

Christian theorists were convinced that human sexuality underwent an irreversible debasement as a result of the sin of Adam and Eve. Their negative assessment has remained with us until the present day. This course will grapple with the both the origins of this negative bequest as well as some of the anomalies of the medieval tradition. For example, despite the insistence that heterosexuality was ordained by God, the disparagement of physicality and women led to the institutionalization of clerical celibacy in the West. This, in turn, fostered a gay subculture. Likewise, despite the theoretical insistence on a separation between the sexes that was even present in the afterlife, these same theorists not only praised "virile women," but occasionally celebrated cross-dressing in female saints! This course will examine the institutions and ideas that dominated the construction of gender in the Middle Ages. It will also lend insight into not one, but many "sexualities."

HISTORY 331-0 – Women in Medieval Society

Examination of medieval women's lives in both secular and religious spheres through the different ideologies (religious, philosophical, scientific) that shaped them.

HISTORY 332-1 – The Development of Medieval Europe

Early Middle Ages, 300-1000.

HISTORY 332-2 – The Development of Medieval Europe

High and Late Middle Ages, 1000-1450.

HISTORY 333-0 – The Age of the Renaissance

Decline and revival of European civilization, 1350-1530. Cultural, political, economic, and social developments.

HISTORY 334-0 – The Age of the Reformation

Europe in the 16th century, especially origins, evolution, and effects of changes in religion.

HISTORY 336-0 – Spain 1500–1700: Rise and Fall of a European Empire

Social, political, and economic history of the largest early-modern European empire, its multicultural genesis, rise to domination in Europe and the Americas, and struggle to integrate internally.

HISTORY 337-0 – Modern Europe

This course is concerned with the history of Europe between 1890 and c.1990. Its emphasis will be on material and political developments, not cultural-intellectual ones. It assumes considerable prior knowledge of Europe, including its geography, ethnography, and a good prior knowledge and understanding of the historical background.

HISTORY 338-1 – Europe in the 20th Century

Growth of mass politics, fascism, the home fronts, rise of the welfare state, loss of empire, economic resurgence and integration 1900-45.

HISTORY 338-2 – Europe in the 20th Century

Growth of mass politics, fascism, the home fronts, rise of the welfare state, loss of empire, economic resurgence and integration 1945-present.

HISTORY 340-0 – Gender, War, and Revolution in the 20th Century

Examination of changes in gender ideals and in the lives of women and men in Europe and America as a result of world wars, Russian revolution, fascism, and the Cold War.

HISTORY 341-0 – Paris: World City, 1700 to the Present

Survey of the social, cultural, political, economic, and spatial development of Paris from aristocratic enclave to a class-divided bourgeois city, from an imperial capital to a postcolonial metropolis.

HISTORY 342-1 – History of Modern France

The Ancient Regime and the French revolution.

HISTORY 342-2 – History of Modern France

19th century to the present.

HISTORY 343-0 – Modern Italy

Italy from the Enlightenment to the present, concentrating on the Risorgimento, the world wars, Mussolini and fascism, the postwar economic miracle, and terrorism.

HISTORY 344-0 (combined with GERMAN) – Weimar and Nazi Germany

German social, economic, political, and cultural developments between 1918 and 1945.

HISTORY 345-1 – History of Russia

Emergence of the Kievan and Muscovite states, 800-1700.

HISTORY 345-2 – Imperial Russia

This will be a course about what happened to Russia after it became a major European power in the early 18th century. Becoming and then remaining a recognized power transformed Russia in many ways. In order to compete, Russia had to adopt and adapt European military ways, big chunks of European culture, and European technology. But in forcing through those changes, the Russian government became more autocratic than it ever had been before, and introduced a fatal division between the Europeanized elite and the mass of peasantry, who lived in a traditional cultural world. Those two fundament conflicts--autocratic government vs. Europeanizing elite, Europeanizing elite vs. traditional peasantry--structured Russian history down to the 1917 Revolution.

HISTORY 345-3 – History of Russia

The Soviet Union and its successor states, 1917-present.

HISTORY 346-0 – East Central Europe under Communist Rule and Beyond, 1945 to the Present

The history of East Central Europe from the World War II to the collapse of Soviet rule and beyond.

HISTORY 347-0 – Christians and Jews

Varieties of historical encounters between Jews and Christians. Origins of the "Jesus movement"; rabbinic attitudes toward Christianity; medieval polemic and engagement; the modern "JudeoChristian tradition"; Christian Zionism and postwar ecumenicism.

HISTORY 348-1 – Jews in Poland, Ukraine, and Russia

Social, political, religious, and cultural interaction of Jews and Slavs over a millennium, 1250-1917.

HISTORY 349-0 – History of the Holocaust

This course examines the Holocaust of European Jews from its origins through its aftermath in the context of Nazi Germany's murderous campaigns against other groups of victims, including the disabled, sexual minorities, Roma, and Slavs. We will read first-hand accounts and analyze primary documents written by victims and perpetrators as we seek to understand the causes, consequences, and extent of the genocidal policies of Germany and its Axis Allies from the rise of the Nazis to their ultimate defeat. From Vichy France in the West to the occupied Soviet territories in the East, the persecution, expropriation, and murder of millions involved civilians and state officials at all levels of government. With a special focus on Eastern Europe, where the greatest number of Jews lived, and nearly all of the murdered perished, we will explore questions of local complicity, the motives of perpetrators and of those who sought to impede them, and the responses of the region's Jews and other victims to the onslaught. The course will end with a consideration of the fate of the survivors and the attempts by postwar European states to identify and punish the perpetrators of and profiteers from the Holocaust.

HISTORY 352-0 – Global History of Death and Dying

Does death have a history? Explores the changing realities of, attitudes towards, and ways of coping with death. The role of death in shaping the modern world via the global slave trades, imperial conquests, pandemics, wars, and genocides. Ways people have made sense of death in extraordinary circumstances and during calmer times. Continuities and transformations in death rituals, intellectual and philosophical debates about the personal and social meanings of death, and the consequences of ways and patterns of dying.

HISTORY 356-1 – History of South Africa

From the African iron age to the establishment of the multinational gold mining industry, emphasizing the rise of African states and the contest for land with white settlers.

HISTORY 356-2 – History of South Africa

Emphasis on the 20th century, the rise of African nationalism, and the clash with the apartheid state.

HISTORY 357-0 – East Africa

Selected topics in East African history.

HISTORY 358-0 – West Africa

Selected topics in West African history: economy, society, and government.

HISTORY 360-0 – Tudor and Stuart Britain

Formation of the British state during the Tudor and Stuart dynasties, 1485-1714, with emphasis on changing patterns of religious belief and the transformation of the monarchy.

HISTORY 361-0 – Sex after Shakespeare

Sexual behavior in England between 1500 and 1800, concentrating on scandalous narratives and public controversy.

HISTORY 362-2 – Modern British History

The Victorians: liberalism, empire, and morality, 1780-1900.

HISTORY 362-3 – Britain: Empire to Brexit

One hundred years ago the greatest power in the world, Great Britain today is on its way out of the European community, doomed (or so some fear) to geopolitical irrelevance. Yet is the history of Britain in the twentieth century principally a story of decline? We will address this question by examining the lives of three generations of Britons. Among the themes this course will explore are the effects of the two world wars, the political incorporation of labor, decolonization and immigration, state expansion, mass culture, and Britain's relation to Europe and the United States.

HISTORY 362-3 – Modern British History

Empire to Cool Britannia, 1900-present.

HISTORY 364-0 – Gender and Sexuality in Victorian Britain

Key debates and issues: prostitution, the city and sexual crime, sexuality and empire, sex and the single woman, homosexuality on trial, and the "scientific" writings of Victorian sexologists.

HISTORY 366-0 – Race and Nation in the Independence Era

The process of Latin American independence, from the colonial background to 19th-century insurgency wars, economic development, and nation formation, with emphasis on race and "the Indian question" in liberal thought.

HISTORY 367-0 – History of Modern Brazil

Historical roots of modern Brazilian society: its rush toward economic modernization; radical social and economic inequalities; racially and culturally hybrid national identities; quest for effective democracy and universal citizenship.

HISTORY 368-1 – Revolution in 20th-Century Latin America

Mexico and its revolutions. Mexican history, from the modernizing regime of Diaz, through the revolutionary upheaval and the consolidation of a new regime, to contemporary problems.

HISTORY 368-2 – Revolution in 20th-Century Latin America

Comparative study of the origins and aftermaths of major Marxist revolutions in Cuba and South and Central America.

HISTORY 369-0 – Development and Inequality in Modern Latin America

Examination of various models of economic development that have been implemented in 20th-century Latin America, exploring the cultural, social, political, and economic roots of such policies and their impact on the region's poorest and most marginalized populations.

HISTORY 370-1 – History of the Islamic Middle East

The classical Islamic community; medieval Islamic civilization, 600-1200.

HISTORY 370-2 – History of the Islamic Middle East

Invasions from Central Asia and the empires that followed: Mamluks (Egypt), Ottomans (Turkey), and Safavids (Iran), 1200-1800.

HISTORY 370-3 – History of the Islamic Middle East

Jewish and Arab nationalism, oil diplomacy, Islam in the modern context, 1789-present.

HISTORY 372-0 – History of Ancient Egypt (3100–ca. 1000 BCE)

The Old Kingdom: centralized government, divine kingship. The Middle Kingdom: new monarchic principles in the aftermath of social disorder. The New Kingdom: imperialism in response to foreign aggression; religious revolution of Akhenaton.

HISTORY 373-1 – The Ottomans

1. The Last Empire of Islam, 1300-1622. Emergence and rise to power; relations with other European and Asian powers; principal institutions; governmental and societal frameworks.

HISTORY 373-2 – The Ottomans from Second Empire to the Age of Nationalism

This is a survey course covering the Ottoman Empire from the seventeenth century to the outbreak of WWI. We will follow the process through which a multiconfessional, multi-lingual empire spanning an area that makes up the modern Balkans and the Middle East turned into a frail political entity at the fringes of Europe. We will learn about the changing nature of the Ottoman state, the changes in its political geography, and explore the experience of modernity in a non-western context.

HISTORY 376-0 – Global Environments and World History

Introduction to the recent histories of environmental issues around the world, including urbanization, industrialization, population growth, commodification, empire building, intercontinental welfare, energy extraction, and new technologies. Taught with ENVR POL 340; may not receive credit for both courses.

HISTORY 378-0 – History of Law and Science

The changing relations between justice and science--including the forensic sciences of identification and intellectual property--in the United States and Europe over the past 300 years.

HISTORY 379-0 – Biomedicine and World History

Introduction to the social, political, scientific, and economic forces allowing biomedical systems to become synonymous with global health governance. Taught with GBL HLTH 309; may not receive credit for both courses.

HISTORY 381-1 – History of Modern China

Late Imperial China, 1600-1911.

HISTORY 381-2 – History of Modern China

1911-present.

HISTORY 382-0 – The Modern Japanese City

Social and cultural history of urban Japan.

HISTORY 383-0 – Japan’s Modern Revolution

History of Japan from 1830 to 1912, focusing on the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate and emergence as a modern imperialist power.

HISTORY 384-1 – History of Modern Japan

Japan: the modern state, 1860-1943.

HISTORY 384-2 – History of Modern Japan

War and postwar Japan, 1943-present.

HISTORY 385-1 – History of Modern South Asia

The early modern period, ca. 1500-1800: The Mughal Empire; the early phase of European trade and conquest in the subcontinent.

HISTORY 385-2 – History of Modern South Asia

ca. 1750-present: The age of British colonial dominance; the politics of nation building and anticolonial resistance; independence, partition, and the postcolonial predicament.

HISTORY 392-0-20 – Transgender History

No description available.

HISTORY 392-0-22 – Getting Rich in Modern India and East Africa

No description available.

HISTORY 392-0-22 – Environment and Energy in the Middle East

"Oil states." The desert. The Nile. When we think of the Middle East, we think of specific environments, and even of specific social and political arrangements built around those environments. But those environments and arrangements have a history, which this course will explore in depth. We will focus on how Middle East environments have become enmeshed in global interactions over the last two hundred years. Not only the rise of oil, but industrialization, colonial and postcolonial policies of "development" and aid, and new technologies of water management and disease prevention, have all reshaped--and been shaped by--the environments of the Middle East. The course aims to understand the rise of oil, and its consequences for Middle East societies, as part of this longer history in which Middle Eastern environments have become sites of global intervention and management.

HISTORY 392-0-22 – Inequalities in the Arabian Peninsula

Following an expedition to the Arabian Peninsula in the mid-18th century, Danish scientist Carsten Niebuhr described a social order of equal precariousness and said of the Bedouins that they "always rated liberty above ease and wealth." 250 years later, this old cliche no longer holds, for the Arabian Peninsula is now home to some of the richest and most complex states of the Middle East. Not only has the rugged lifestyle of Bedouin nomads virtually disappeared, but liberty appears to be the possession of a few. In the past hundred years, various forms of inequalities have indeed become salient in the region: between the haves and the have-nots, between rulers and ruled, between men and women, between natives and foreigners, between individuals of higher and lesser tribal "nobility," as well as between people of different religious identities. This seminar aims at examining some of these chasms and inequalities from a historical perspective. Under what circumstances did they emerge? Are they unique to the Arabian Peninsula? Are they new or do they constitute extensions of older inequalities? Have any efforts been made to change or subvert existing power relations? Among the themes to be treated throughotu the quarter are: slavery, Nasab (genealogy), communist opposition movements, urbanization (and its genealogy), communist opposition movements, urbanization (and its unintended consequences), sectarianism, the Kafala system for temporary workers, and other uses of state legislation to include and exclude.

History 392-0-24 – Islam in Modern France

Muslims make up ten percent of the French population, yet unlike other minorities they are often treated as a distinct threat to the French way of life. The French state has recently passed laws banning Muslim schoolgirls from wearing headscarves in class, and last year there was an outcry against the modest bathing suits known as "burquinis." How should we understand these instances that many Americans would consider shocking cases of cultural intolerance? This course examines the history of the often uneasy place of Islam and Muslims in Modern France. We will explore the rise of secularism in France, nationalism and national identity, race and empire, the creation of immigration policy in the early twentieth-century and post-colonial immigration from North Africa, the rise of anti-racist and communalist activism, as well as the emergence of the extreme right and anti-immigration movements. We will end the quarter with a discussion of radical Islam and the recent terrorist attacks in Paris. Throughout the course, we will pay attention to Muslim experiences in France, as well as to how ideas of Islam have shaped French society and politics. In addition to readings by leading scholars in this field, we will engage with historical documents, literature, and film, as well as contemporary news coverage.

HISTORY 392-0-26 (ASIAN_AM 320-0-1) – Legacies of the Forgotten War: The Korean War and Its Aftermath

The Korean War is called "The Forgotten War" within American historical memory. But to Koreans, the war was too brutal to be forgotten--resulting in nearly 3 million civilian casualities, mass movement, national division, and the militarization of Korean society. Today, Koreans and Americans alike are living with the consequences of a war that is still ongoing. This seminar explores the lasting legacies and human consequences of the Korean War through a look at North Korean, South Korean, US Military, and Korean American History. Some topics we will cover are the war itself, the North Korean state, US military bases in South Korea, camptowns/militarized sex work around those bases, and the Korean War diaspora (Military brides, transnational adoptees, and the third-wave of Korean American immigration to the US).

HISTORY 392-0-26 – West - From Cybernetics to Cyberwar

No description available.

HISTORY 392-0-28 (HUM 370-4-20/ LATIN_AM 391_0_20/ DANCE 335-0-21) – Mobilizing Revolution: Dancing Histories of Cuba

Citizens and outside observers have called Cuba a dancing island. This course examines the origins and implications of this claim. We analyze the history of Cuba from slave colony to socialist republic as a past filled with movement. Weekly readings cover the choreographies of rebellion, ritual, and revelry during the colonial period, independence struggles, republican era, and following the 1959 Revolution. Throughout we ask the place of dance in daily life and its role in reflecting and shaping historical changes to Cuban politics, society, and culture.

HISTORY 392-0-30 (combined with AAS) – No course title available

No description available.

HISTORY 392-0-32 (combined with HUM 370-4, Dance 335-0-21) – Dance and History: Archives, Performance, and Memory

No description available.

HISTORY 392/395-0-20 – Hamas & Islamic Jihad

No description available.

HISTORY 392/395-0-20 – Arabs in Israel

The 1948 war created a unique situation: A Palestinian-Arab minority amidst the Jewish state of Israel. Thus, Israel was established as a Jewish state but not exclusively so. The Palestinian Arabs who became Israeli citizens remained nationally and religiously bound to the outside Arab world. This necessarily resulted in a sharp crisis of loyalties, the Arab community being torn between its Israeli citizenship and its Arab national identity. Today the Arab minority constitutes nearly 20 percent of Israel's population. It has undergone intensive processes of change, generally referred to as: Israelization, Palestinization and Islamization. The seminar will focus on minority-majority relations in Israel, with special emphasis on three areas: first, the effect of modernization on the more traditional Arab society; second, the dilemma of national identity (the interrelation between the Israeli, Arab, Palestinian and Muslim/Christian components, the impact of the PLO and Hamas), political participation (Knesset) and the struggle of the Arab minority for equality, and third, the developments following the Oslo Accords, the establishment of the Palestinian Authority and the Intifada (the October 2000 Uprising; the discourse over the "Jewish and Democratic" nature of Israel; the search for alternative models - "State of its Citizens", separatism, autonomy).

HISTORY 392/395-0-24 – Holocaust Perpetrators and Denial Trials

No description available.

HISTORY 393-0-20 – Indigenous Resistance to U.S. Colonialism

No description available.

HISTORY 393-0-20 – Holocaust Memory

What did Americans know about the persecution and murder of Europe's Jews as it occurred? How did Americans respond at the time? And how has the Holocaust been remembered in the United States? These questions are at the heart of this course on the Holocaust and memory. We will examine these questions through both primary and secondary sources as well as through historic and documentary films.

HISTORY 393-0-20 – Microhistory

In recent years historians have developed a new technique called microhistory for capturing the lives of the people who have been lost to history?peasants, heretics, poor women, gays, and con-conformists of all sorts. These were the people who because of their low social status, rural origins, illiteracy, or unpopular beliefs were ignored, despised, or persecuted by the dominant society. Microhistory is a method of investigation that usually relies on the evidence from judicial trials of otherwise obscure people who found themselves in trouble with the authorities. The method gives a voice to those who otherwise left no written record of their lives. The result of the studies has been a remarkable re-evaluation of the experiences and beliefs of the common people of pre-modern Europe.

HISTORY 393-0-22 – The Atomic Bomb

The Atomic Bomb is one of the most controversial topics in twentieth-century global history and has generated a staggering amount of scholarship. But what do we talk about when we talk about its history? The central facts about the bomb's use in 1945?who did what to whom and why--- are not in question: The U.S. government detonated two bombs over two Japanese cities in August 1945. It did so on purpose, intending to cause major damage and loss of life. Nonetheless, the bomb's development, its use in 1945, and its legacies remain controversial 70 years later in a number of different ways. This course will take up a different sub-topic each week in order to explore many of the controversies surrounding remembrance of the atomic bomb in the United States, Japan, and globally.

HISTORY 393-0-22 – Interpreting Age of Samurai

No description available.

HISTORY 393-0-24 – Blood Libel

No description available.

HISTORY 393-0-24 – The Military Revolution

This course investigates the military history of Europe from 1500 to 1800. In this period, changes in warfare propelled the growth of the modern state and reconfigured the relationship between Europe and the rest of the world. Some historians have described these changes as a "military revolution," a concept that has provoked considerable debate. We will read statements by the foremost exponents of this theory and by its leading critics.

History 393-0-26 – Archives of Terror in Latin America

This course helps students understand oral history as part of a political battlefield in Latin America in which popular political consciousness, collective identities, and social movements are made. We will unpack the concepts and practices of oral history by discussing the theoretical and methodological challenges that professional historians and social scientists confronted when doing oral history in the region and beyond. Then, we will study the “archives of terror” of the Dirty Wars of Central and South America (1960s-1990s), in which various forms of orality (i.e. documentary film, testimony, life histories, interviews, and truth commissions) helped victims of violence to intervene in the peace processes and/or democratic transitions seeking justice, reparation, forgiveness, forgetfulness, amnesty, and immunity. We will analyze the political, epistemological, ethical, and aesthetical limitations of these efforts to heal the wounds of state-led violence, dictatorship, genocide, and guerrilla warfare.

HISTORY 393-0-26 (ART 372/ AMER_ST 310-0-24/ HUM 325-6-21) – Cultural Criticism in the Digital Age

What is the history of cultural criticism in the United States? Where is it headed? How do its past and future relate to each other? This methods seminar for 15 students combines historical examination with fieldwork at contemporary art museums and performance spaces. Students read extensively in the history of cultural criticism, meet with museum and arts professionals, and experiment with new, digital modes of critical writing. Fulfills Distros 4 (Historical Studies) or 6 (Literature and Fine Arts).

HISTORY 393-0-26 – Gender, Race, and the Holocaust

The aim of this seminar is to introduce students to the history and historiography of race and gender during the Holocaust. As in many historical contexts, race and gender interacted dynamically and created the particular context of Nazi-occupied Europe, which was a place where Jewish men and women suffered in particular ways, German men and women participated in particular ways, and other racial groups - men and women alike - were targeted, collaborated, resisted and rescued. We will read a variety of texts that explore the influences that shaped the behavior and response of an array of people during the Holocaust. Racism sat directly in the center of the Nazi world view. Once the Nazis got into power, they sought to translate ideology into policy. Still, their racial policies evolved over time, spurred by opportunism, innovation, and war. And too, Jewish men and women responded in ways similar and divergent to the Nazi onslaught. Sexism was also seemingly an important aspect of the Nazi perspective. While they indeed embraced an anti-feminist stance, the Nazis nevertheless sought to incorporate "German" women into the national community and women participated actively in the implementation of Nazi racism.

HISTORY 393-0-28 – Global Sex

How have historical processes of globalization shaped ideas about sexuality and gender? This course uses the lens of global history and the tools of queer and feminist studies to examine how ideas about sexuality have been forged in a transnational workshop as well as how they varied across time and space. This course will necessarily lean on literature from Europe and the United States, which is far more developed, but wherever possible we will learn about the transnational construction of ideas of sexuality and gender in Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. In this sense, the course considers the extent to which processes of globalization can be seen as Westernization or cultural imperialism.

HISTORY 395-0-20 (combined with ASIAN_AM 320) – Memories of War

No description available.

HISTORY 395-0-22 (combined with HUM 325 and AMER_ST 310) – Digitizing Folk Music History

In this research seminar, we examine the history of the US folk music revival through both conventional and digital modes of inquiry to probe what was at stake in the folk revival in relation to: American culture and politics; questions of race, class, gender, age, and region; and the strange workings of music-making, memory, and power. No previous digital or musical training is required for the course, just a willingness to engage with the material. Each student will be evaluated based on class participation, weekly digital mini-project experiments, presentations, and a final multimedia interpretive digital history project that is the multimedia equivalent of a 15-20 page analytic essay based on original research.

HISTORY 395-0-22 – Ottoman Jews in Age of Nationalism

No description available.

HISTORY 395-0-24 – Wikipedia and Women's History

This is a research seminar in United States Women's History. Our goal is to make the web-based encyclopedia Wikipedia more inclusive of the experiences and contributions of American women throughout history. Students will learn how to create and edit Wikipedia entries and each student will prepare an entry on a woman from United States History. Preparation of the entry will require primary and secondary source research. Students will learn how to use online databases to conduct primary research, how to compile a record of a woman's life, and how to explain her historical significance. Subject to approval, the final product will become part of the permanent record of Wikipedia.

At present, only 10% of contributors to Wikipedia are female and studies show that in both content and personnel, women are severely underrepresented on the platform. By learning how to use the platform and bringing historical research skills to bear on its content, our course will join the effort to change how knowledge is produced. All are welcome.

HISTORY 395-0-26 – The 1930s and Now

Are we living again through the 1930s? The rise of populist movements across the world, the retreat from international institutions, the ascent of authoritarianism, financial crisis, attacks on minority populations: if you're curious about the comparions often made these days between the 1930s and now, this research seminar will offer a structured opportunity to delve into a tumultuous period through focused study of a topic of your own devising.

HISTORY 395-0-26 – Age of American Revolutions

The half century between 1775 and 1825 was an age of American revolutions. From the shot heard 'round the world to the independence of Bolivia fifty years later, most of the Western Hemisphere--including all of Brazil, all of mainland Spanish America, much of British America, and the most lucrative colony in French America--broke away from Europe. People throughout the Americas were rejecting absolutism and embracing constitutionalism, and this new order for the New World raised powerful questions. How would wars against European authority impact social, racial, and gender hierarchies at home? How would enslaved men and women respond when they heard their masters talking of liberty? And in the multiracial nations that did emerge, who--if anyone--would be entitled to vote? In the process of addressing these questions, we will also focus on the art of historical research: how to find topics, frame research questions, identify and interpret sources, and build arguments. Although students can write their research papers on any of the revolutions that rocked the Western Hemisphere in this era, a plurality of our in-class discussions will focus on U.S. responses to Haitian and Latin American independence, and on what those responses suggest about the United States in this age of American revolutions.

HISTORY 395-0-26 – Cold War in Africa

No description available.

HISTORY 395-0-28 – Creationism: A Global History

No description available.

HISTORY 395-0-28 (ENVR_POL 390-0-21) – History of American Energy

This course will examine energy use in American history, ranging from the use of wood and water in colonial times, to animal-derived oils and fossil fuels in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, to nuclear in the late-twentieth century, and finally to the search for alternative sources in recent decades. We will consider not only how human use of various forms of energy has affected the non-human environment but also what particular energy regimes have meant for the social, political, and material lives of Americans at different points in history.

HISTORY 395-0-30 – Inquisition and Society

The Inquisition's tribunals in Spain and Spanish America are some of the most infamous and misunderstood institutions in the early modern world. This seminar addresses some of the myths and debates surrounding its influence on society, from the Inquisition's origins in medieval Iberia to its demise early in the nineteenth century. Special emphasis will be placed on Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, and Peru) and the ways that scholars have reconstructed the experiences of ordinary people through Inquisition records. Topics include the persecution of Jewish conversos; notions of religious tolerance in the Atlantic world; the practice of witchcraft and sorcery among American communities; and gender and sexual norms. Throughout the course, students will make progress on producing an original research paper on some aspect of this history.

HISTORY 398-1,2,3 – Thesis Seminar

Advanced work through supervised reading, research, and discussion. Admission by written application, to be reviewed by department. Grade of K given in 398-1 and 398-2.

HISTORY 399-0 – Independent Study

Reading and conferences on special subjects for advanced undergraduates. Open only with consent of director of undergraduate studies and instructor.

HISTORY 405-0-20 – Borderlands

We will read recent works about borders and borderlands around the world in order to compare the similarities and differences between them, and to gain an understanding of "borderlands" history as a field of study and methodological approach. The themes we will explore include the demarcation of borders at different times and places; the ethnic and national groups that come together in cooperation and conflict along internal, regional, or international boundaries; and border architecture. We also will address different legal regimes and differential power relations in border regions; immigration, citizenship, human rights, and sovereignty; nationalism, transnationalism, and internationalism; openings and closings of borders; and the multiple meanings and locations of borderlands. For your final assignment, you will write a 10-page essay about how your current research agenda (your 570, 580, dissertation projects) might incorporate a borderlands approach. Other than that, I expect you to attend each session, and come prepared to engage your classmates in a conversation about the weekly readings.

HISTORY 405-0-22 – Introduction to Cultural History

What is cultural history? Why did become prominent in the last twenty years or so, and is there truth to rumors of its decline? How does it relate to other approaches to history, and how does it intersect with other disciplines? What are the rules, if any governing the use of evidence in cultural history? Do cultural-historical approaches lead to the neglect of causality in historical explanation? These are some of the questions we will explore in this version of the 405 seminar. The weekly sessions will include some of the following topics: the debate over historical "objectivity" and "invention"; the relationship between history and fiction; the influence of postmodernists and of thinkers like Michel Foucault on historical writing; cultural approaches to the history of gender, class, race and nationhood; and recent contributions to the history of material culture.

HISTORY 405-0-22 – Introduction to Cultural History

What is cultural history? Why did become prominent in the last twenty years or so, and is there truth to rumors of its decline? How does it relate to other approaches to history, and how does it intersect with other disciplines? What are the rules, if any governing the use of evidence in cultural history? Do cultural historical approaches lead to the neglect of causality in historical explanation? These are some of the questions we will explore in this version of the 405 seminar. The weekly sessions will include some of the following topics: the debate over historical "objectivity" and "invention"; the relationship between history and fiction; the influence of postmodernists and of thinkers like Michel Foucault on historical writing; cultural approaches to the history of gender, class, race and nationhood; and recent contributions to the history of material culture.

HISTORY 405-0-24 – History of the Modern Global City

This class engages the "spatial turn" in the humanities and social sciences by examining influential arguments about cities as fundamental to the modernist progress or retrogression of society in the 19th, 20th, and early 21st centuries. According to many influential social science and literary manifestoes, urban development provides the quintessence of national and greater civilizational progress - or regress. We will start by considering how the theoretical literature on "urban space" can complement and transform "urban history" and examine paradigmatic Euro-American conceptions of "the modern city." We will then explore how notions of modern urbanism have had a very different effect and reception in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

HISTORY 410-1 – General Field Seminar in American History

This course is an introduction to the history and historiography of early America, from the early colonial period through the early United States. Drawing from classic accounts as well as from more recent scholarship, students will hone their abilities to identify, assess, and develop historical arguments, methodologies, and interpretative frameworks. Topics to be addressed include contact and encounters, slavery, the Atlantic world, empire, religion, labor, and revolutionary and founding politics.

HISTORY 450-1 – General Field Seminar in African History

We will sample historical literature on how nation, race, and tribe have been imagined in modern Africa.

HISTORY 490-0 – Independent Reading

No description available.

HISTORY 491-0 – TA Assistantship

No description available.

HISTORY 492-0-20 – Early Modern European Jews: Documents and Narratives

This is a part of the two-quarter course designed for the Jewish Studies cluster graduate students and graduate students in the Humanities, particularly in History, Philosophy, and Religious Studies, to introduce them to the field of Jewish studies, methods, historical narratives and a plethora of primary sources (in translation). Using chronicles, legal texts, literary works, mystical and liturgical writings, epistles, autobiographies, and scientific and philosophical treatises, as well as material, visual, and artistic texts this course focuses on Jews in urban centers in Europe and Ottoman Empire between the 1450s and the 1780s. The course trains students to identify, explore, question, compare, and integrate primary sources of different genre within a broader picture of Jewish political, social, economic, religious, and cultural endeavors. Students will explore and analyze some of the major scholarly debates of contemporary Jewish historical writing, including the relationships between Jews and mercantile elites in early modern Europe; the rise of print and its role in intellectual exchange; clerical, political, and popular anti-Judaism; Jews' economic and political roles in Christian and Islamic territories; the relationship of Jewish history and Jewish memory; and the role of millenarianism and messianic religious movements in shaping shared cultural spaces of Jews and Christians.

HISTORY 492-0-22 – Global Civil Rights

This graduate seminar introduces students to a growing body of scholarship on the transnational interactions between the Civil Rights movements in the American South and the colonized areas of Africa and the Caribbean in the decades after WWII. We will study and discuss the ways resistance to the politics and economics of the segregated South came to influence social movements in colonial Africa, and vice-versa; how African-Americans and Africans came to grips with the challenge of white supremacy; and how trans-Atlantic political and religious exchanges shaped Pan-Africanism and influenced the emerging Civil Rights movement on one side and decolonization movements on the other. We will also focus on trips to Africa and Europe by African-Americans such as Richard Wright, Martin Luther King and Malcom X; on the role played by Africans in the United States, France, and Britain (NKrumah, Kenyatta, Senghor), and on the transnational history of the Black Panthers Party.

HISTORY 580-2 – Directed Research in History

No description available.

HISTORY 585-0 – Dissertator's Workshop

No description available.

HISTORY 405-0-20 – Marxism

No description available.

HISTORY 405-0-20 – Revolution

This course introduces major debates in the comparative history of revolution. The global analysis starts in France; proceeds with the spread of revolutionary ideologies in the Americas; returns to Europe for 1848 and 1917; tacks back to the Americas for peasant revolutions in Mexico and Cuba; and then migrates to China before ending in a consideration of the revolutions that never happened. En route we will explore the intellectual history of revolution in the works of Tocqueville, Marx, Lenin, James, Guevara and Scott, juxtaposing these texts with more recent scholarship to shed light on their multiple qualities: primary sources, political prescriptions and analytical frameworks.

HISTORY 405-0-22 – Global Migration

In this course we will read recent and classic works in migration history, considering the methodologies that historians have used to study the movement of people since the 19th century. How have historians constructed and deconstructed the categories of migration--categories such as the "illegal alien," the "guest worker," the "refugee," the "expatriate," or the "people smuggler"? How have historians begun to globalize what started as a very Atlantic-centric field? As we discover how states have repeatedly used migration as a resource and constructed it as a threat, we will also pay careful attention to how historians have tried to use their knowledge in contemporary political debates, reading academic monographs alongside public history projects and editorials.

HISTORY 410-2 – U.S. Field Seminar

This course is the second element in the three-quarter sequence required of first-year U.S. history doctoral students, and intended to prepare them for later work as teachers and scholars. The winter quarter is designed to introduce students to influential scholarship on major issues in the history of the nineteenth century United States, and to explore the evolution of scholarly thinking concerning those issues. This is NOT a "coverage" course. Not every important topic or issue can be addressed in the short span of a quarter, and many topics or subfields vital to training in U.S. history will not be part of this quarter.

HISTORY 410-3 – U.S. Field Seminar

No description available.

HISTORY 430-1 – Medieval Europe Field Seminar

This course provides an introduction to the social, cultural, and intellectual life of the high and later Middle Ages by highlighting both select primary sources as well as modern scholarship. Topics covered in primary and secondary sources will include medieval law, scholasticism, vernacular culture, hagiography, and the inquisition against heretics. The class also highlights critical debates in contemporary historiography, focusing on issues like society's margins as a historical force; the history of the emotions; and religion and coercion. Attention will be given to important theoretical considerations such as gender analysis; Foucauldian perspectives.

HISTORY 430-3 – Field Seminar Modern Europe

No description available.

HISTORY 481-1 – Field Seminar: Early Modern/Qing China

No description available.

HISTORY 492-0-20 – Native American History

No description available.

HISTORY 492-0-22 – Caribbean in the Modern World

No description available.

HISTORY 492-0-22 – Topics in West African History

Introduction to current research themes in West African history ranging from debates over the nature of early political systems through the slave trade, colonial rule, and the independence period. Particular focus on intellectual, political, and cultural history.

HISTORY 492-0-24 – Global Indian Ocean

No description available.

HISTORY 560-0 – Pedagogy

No description available.

HISTORY 570-1 – First Year Graduate Seminar

Research is the life-blood of the historical profession. In this seminar you will learn-by-doing. During the year you will craft an original, article-length paper (~10,000 words or ca. 40 pages of double-spaced prose in a 12 point font) based on your creative analysis and interpretation of the primary sources available to you. Getting ahold of such a body of primary sources early is the single-most important key to success. Your essay will engage in a significant way with existing literature on the topic, otherwise known as "historiography." In addition to learning research by doing research, you will refine your literary skills. Telling a good story is often the best way to make a point. You'll also develop your abilities to engage constructively with other people's work, both inside and outside of your own field.

HISTORY 570-2 – First Year Graduate Seminar

No description available.

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